Ordeals of Indian Farmers

In Rural India, agriculture is the main source of income or livelihood for a majority of people. Farmers, despite the importance of their work, have faced a lot of grievances for a prolonged time and this has pushed them into the poverty trap.

MARGINAL FARMERS AND THE MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY THEM:

Farmers having less than two hectares (five acres) of land are called small farmers and those having less than one hectare (2.5 acres) are called marginal farmers.

  • Small and fragmented land holdings: Due to our inheritance laws, and more number of family members the land is divided into smaller sub-divisions or fragments. This is mainly observed in densely populated and intensively cultivated states of Kerala, West Bengal, Bihar and eastern parts of UP.

And the list goes on...

  • Despite decades of planning, the majority of farmers are still facing problems with poor production. According to the 2010–11 Agricultural census, the total number of operational holdings, 85% are in marginal and small farm categories of less than 2 ha(GOI, 2014).

The primary reason being the inability to repay loans, along with other reasons including floods, droughts, debt, genetically modified seeds etc.

  • Misuse of government subsidies and funds by higher authorities is a major reason for a grievance to the marginal farmers.

Solutions to the problems

  • The solution to small and fragmented land holdings is the consolidation of holdings. This legislation for consolidation of holdings has been enacted by almost all states, but it needs to be implemented as well.

Story By: Prerana Ghosh

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