In Rural India, agriculture is the main source of income or livelihood for a majority of people. Farmers, despite the importance of their work, have faced a lot of grievances for a prolonged time and this has pushed them into the poverty trap.
MARGINAL FARMERS AND THE MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY THEM:
Farmers having less than two hectares (five acres) of land are called small farmers and those having less than one hectare (2.5 acres) are called marginal farmers.
It needs no more than a few figures to see something is not right — almost one billion people go to sleep hungry every night. At the same time, the world produces more than enough food to feed all seven billion of us. Around one billion people are overweight or obese. A staggering 30% of the world’s food is wasted.
Our problem today is not one of producing more food, but producing food where it is most needed and in a way that respects nature. The current industrial agriculture system fails to deliver this.
Meanwhile, the planet is suffering considerably…
A dynamic balance between plants, animals, and the surrounding environment comprises an ecosystem. The impact of humans, as an integral part of most ecosystems, must be taken into account when managing the system’s health. For healthy functioning and sustainability, an ecosystem’s living members must be in balance with the non-living elements.
WHAT IS AN AGROECOSYSTEM?
A model for the functioning of an Agricultural system, with all inputs and outputs. An ecosystem is as small as a set of microbial interactions that take place on the surface of roots, or as large as the globe. An agroecosystem may be at the…
THE NEED FOR DIGITALISATION OF AGRICULTURE
The world’s population is on track to reach 9.7 billion by 2050,
requiring a corresponding 70% increase in calories available for
consumption, even as the cost of the inputs needed to generate those
calories are rising. By 2030, the water supply will fall 40%short
of meeting global water needs, and rising energy, labour, and nutrient
costs are already pressuring profit margins. About one-quarter of arable
the land is degraded and needs significant restoration before it can again
sustain crops at scale. …
A number of global trends are influencing food security, poverty, and the overall sustainability of food and agricultural systems. The two big drivers of food demand — population and income — are on the rise. The world’s population is expected to reach 9.1 billion people in 2050. Farmers globally must increase food production by 70% to meet the needs of the larger population. “As incomes rise, consumer preference moves from wheat and grains to legumes,” says David Widmar, Purdue University AG economist.
Traditional farming has also been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the FAO, border closures, quarantines…
The Dawn of the New Era.
India is known as the Land of Agriculture and Farming as it has always been one of the most important and underrated sector contributing to the functioning of the country. As per Registrar General of India & Census report 2011 the total farmers or cultivators population of India is 118.7 million (2011) & 144.3 million agricultural workers/labourers which consist 31.55 of the total rural population.
Though agriculture supports a major division of the Gross Domestic Product of India, the operations that handle the working don’t always show a positive result when the life of…